A REFLECTION ON COVID-19 PANDEMIC: ITS IMPACT ON THE PEOPLE
’S WELL-BEING IN EDO STATE, NIGERIA
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Jos
The world is grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic and Edo State is no exception to this. Edo State is situated in the southern zone of Nigeria
This article explores how the response to COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the overall wellbeing of the people in Edo State. As the general wellbeing of people is vital to understanding the impact of the response of the state to this pandemic, the concept of wellbeing is used in providing a nuanced understanding to this pandemic. The concept
In Edo State, the wellbeing of the people is
On the 23rd of March 2020 the first index case of the COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed by the Chief Medical Director of Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital[iii]. On the confirmation of the index case, the state governor embarked on a series of actions by inaugurating a COVID-19 response team, creating awareness, contact tracing of those who had just returned from overseas trips, establishing of isolation centres, testing centres, training of health workers, screening and providing prompt treatment[iv]. This was to avert a spike in the number of cases within the state.
However, with serious concern of the rising number
Although measures taken by the state authorities to impose a partial lockdown than a total lockdown was to ensure the economy of the state was not totally shut down in order not to worsen the quality of life (wellbeing) of the people especially the poor, vulnerable and the less privileged ones in the society. However, this gesture by the state on insisting on a curfew rather than a total lockdown had significant impact on the residents. The relocation of markets to nearby open spaces further violated the law of social distancing as markets were overcrowded and people just went about their businesses without any form of caution for safety. By this action the health of people were compromised and inevitably their overall wellbeing were affected for example, there were more infections, loss of means of livelihoods and fatalities in the state[vi].
Furthermore, these restrictive measures as detailed above created several negative impact
The immediate effect of the partial lockdown had direct impact on the wellbeing through sudden loss of jobs especially those who were engaged in informal businesses/services such as trading, barbing, sewing, welding etc.as people were scared of contracting the virus, businesses suffered low patronage and this affected their level of income generation. Moreover, the wellbeing of the people were affected by the fear of the COVID-19 virus itself, some families had someone who had contracted the COVID-19 virus, such were hospitalised, relatives could not visit their loved ones in hospital and in effect they felt unhappy, inadequate and unsatisfied with their quality of life. Also the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the people’s wellbeing as their daily living was compromised, as it completely altered the way people lived and did things on
Again, worthy of note is that the owners of the transport industry within the state suffered as vehicle drivers who flouted government guidelines of conveying a certain number of persons in their vehicle and the compulsory use of
Finally the pandemic globally and within Edo State has revealed some weaknesses that may be worthy of future research. One substantial way COVID-19 pandemic has been handled is the measures taken by various government to curb the spread of the virus within their respective state. Nevertheless, it is worthy of note that despite the stay at home orders or lockdowns the spread of COVID-19 cases continue
[ii] Chandrasekhar.S., & Mukhopadhyay. A (2012). Multiple Dimensions Of Urban Well-Being, Asian Population Studies, 8 (2), 173-186, DOI: 10.1080/17441730.2012.684537
[iii] Bello U, A. (2020, March 25), Covid-19: Edo speaker tests positive- Official Daily Trust. Retrieved from https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/covid-19-edo-speaker-tests-positive.html
[v] Momoh, I.U (2020, APRIL 19). Covid-19: Obaseki imposes 10-Day Dusk-to-Dawn Curfew in Edo. Retrieved from https://businessday.ng/coronavirus/article/covid-19-obaseki-imposes-10-day-dusk-to-dawn-curfew-in-edo/amp/
[vi] The Nation, (2020). COVID-19: Edo govt. calls for caution as cases rise to 1,562 with 57 deaths. Available at online https://thenationonlineng.net/covid-19-edo-govt-calls-for-caution-as-cases-rise-to-1562-with-57-deaths/
[vii] Armitage, D., Béné, C., Charles, A. T., Johnson, D., & Allison, E. H. (2012). The Interplay of Well-Being and Resilience in Applying a Social–Ecological Perspective. Ecology and Society, 17(4), 15.
[viii] Vanguard, (2020). Court convicts 16 persons in Edo for violating COVID-19 preventive guidelines. Available at online https://www.vanguardngr.com/2020/06/court-convicts-16-persons-in-edo-for-violating-covid-19-preventive-guidelines/
No 12 - This blog article is written under the auspices of the British Academy supported Critical Thinking and Writing Workshop for Urban Studies Researchers in Nigeria.
The views expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Centre for Housing and Sustainable Development or the University of Lagos, Nigeria.